R. K. Ando and T. Zhang. ACL 2005
R. K. Ando & T. Zhang, A High-Performance Semi-Supervised Learning Method for Text Chunking, in ACL 2005
In this paper, I think NE chunking and NE tagging are the same task. They both involve identifying the extent and type of each name in the text. This can be reformulated as a task of assigning a tag to each token by using BIO tags.
Using the unlabeled data they created numerous auxiliary problems related to the target task and train classifiers for each of those. Then they learn the common predictive structure shared by those problems. The authors argued that such common structure can be used to improve the result of target task. One example of such auxiliary problem is: predict whether a word is "IBM" or not from its context. This is related to NE chunking since knowing a word is "IBM" helps to predict whether its part of a name.
They used the structural learning algorithm SVD-ASO to learn such predictive structure.
Within their model, they assume there exists a low dimension predictive structure shared by multiple prediction problems. To learn such structure they used a structural learning algorithm that is first introduced in Ando and Zhang 2004. This algorithm is similar to coordinate descent in a sense that in each iteration they either fix predictors and find the optimal predictive structure or fix predictive structure and find predictors to minimize the joint empirical risk.