Bootstrapping Information Extraction from Semi-structured Web Pages
Carlson, A., S. Schafer. 2008. Bootstrapping Information Extraction from Semi-structured Web Pages. ECML PKDD '08: Proceedings of the 2008 European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases - Part I, 2008, 195-210, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Extracting structured records from semi structured web pages is an interesting which has been recently studied in the field of machine learning and information extraction. Many of the developed techniques require significant human effort to annotate data for each website or they require a heuristic to be able to extract data types that exist in the webpage. This paper introduces a novel approach for extracting data from semi-structured web pages by requiring annotating only a few pages of very few websites.
This method first requires a set of web pages which are annotated by human. The annotator should decide what schema columns are presenting in the input web pages and should also annotate a very small number of web pages for four or six different websites. Given this training data, program trains four different classifiers (using different types of features) to classify data for each of the annotated fields. Using these trained classifiers, it then extracts data that maximize confidence value of trained classifiers.
To evaluate their method they have used logistic regression classifier as the baseline method. The technique is tested on two different domains: vacation rentals and job sites. They have shown that by annotating 2-5 pages for 4-6 web sites, their technique can achieve an accuracy of 84% on job offer sites and 91% on vacation rental sites.