Steve Hanneke and Eric Xing, Discrete Temporal Models of Social Networks

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Steve Hanneke and Eric Xing, Discrete Temporal Models of Social Networks. Workshop on Statistical Network Analysis, held at the 23 rd International Conference on Machine Learning, 2006.

Online Version

Discrete Temporal Models of Social Networks


The data involved in this example come from the United States 108th Senate, having n = 100 actors. Every time a proposal is made in the Senate, be it a bill, amendment, resolution, etc., a single Senator serves as the proposal’s sponsor and there may possibly be several cosponsors. Given records of all pro- posals voted on in the full Senate, this paper creates a sliding window of 100 consecutive proposals. For a particular placement of the window, this paper define a binary directed relation existing between two Senators if and only if one of them is a sponsor and the other a cosponsor for the same proposal within that window (where the direction is toward the sponsor)


This paper proposed a discrete temporal model family that is capable of modeling network evolution, while maintaining the flexibility of ERGMs. It also proposed such models to build upon ERGMs as much as possible. Several methods are used in this paper. At first, this paper show us the simplest case of the proposed models before turning to the fully general models. Then this paper gives a general model and use MLE to estimate the parameter θ,which is the only unknown value in this model. The proposed model is also tested in order to prove its generality in practical work.

Related Papers

  1. O. Frank and D. Strauss, ‘Markov graphs’, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 81, 832–842, (1986).
  2. F. Guo, S. Hanneke, W. Fu, and E. P. Xing, ‘Recovering temporally rewiring networks: a model-based approach’, in ICML ’07: Proceedings of the 24th international conference on Machine learning, pp. 321–328, New York, NY, USA, (2007). ACM.
  3. S. Hanneke and E. Xing, ‘Discrete temporal models of social networks’, in Proceedings of the ICML 06 Workshop on Statistical Network Analysis. Springer-Verlag (2006).
  4. L. Michell and A. Amos, ‘Girls, pecking order and smoking’, Social Science and Medicine, 44(12), 1861 – 1869, (1997).
  5. T. Snijders, C. Steglich, and G. van de Bunt, ‘Introduction to stochastic actor-based models for network dynamics’, Social Networks, (2009).